The State of Pay Equity Laws in the US—2021

March 2021

A comparison of pay equity laws by state—and what needs to change to get the legislation right

Executive Summary: The State of Pay Equity Laws in the U.S.—2021
In the nearly 60 years since the federal Equal Pay Act of 1963 was signed into legislation, 44 states have enacted their own pay equity laws, which in general have been written to incorporate more modern thinking and best practices. However, even the most well-intended laws have put undue burdens on employers, sometimes stymying their ability to make progress on pay equity. And other laws still have flaws that keep them from fully protecting the people who are not being paid fairly.